Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Males With Paraphilias and Paraphilia-Related Disorders: A Comorbidity Study
J Clin Psychiatry 1998;59(7):388-396
© Copyright 2015 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Background: We describe a study of DSMIII- R Axis I diagnoses of lifetime comorbid nonsexual disorders in 60 males with paraphilias (PAs; N = 42) and nonparaphilic forms of sexual impulsivity–designated paraphilia-related disorders (PRD; N = 18).
Method: Subjects completed a semistructured intake questionnaire and sexual inventories, the Inventory to Diagnose Depression, and the Wender Utah Retrospective Scale for the diagnosis of childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The lifetime prevalence of Axis I diagnoses of both sexual and nonsexual disorders was ascertained from the aforementioned data and follow-up psychiatric interviews.
Results: Subjects in both PA and PRD groups were diagnosed as having a lifetime prevalence of any mood disorder (71.7%), especially dysthymic disorder (66.7%); any anxiety disorder (43.3%), especially social phobia (28.3%); any psychoactive substance abuse disorders (45.0%), especially alcohol abuse (30.0%); and any impulse disorders NOS (25.0%), especially speeding/reckless driving (16.7%). The only diagnosis that statistically significantly distinguished the PA from the PRD sample (p = .01) was retrospectively diagnosed childhood ADHD, identified in 40.0% of the total sample (50.0% PA vs.16.7% PRD). Childhood ADHD was associated with the presence of educational and behavioral problems, lower current mean income, social/legal consequences associated with antisocial impulsivity, cocaine abuse, increased prevalence of comorbid lifetime mood and impulse disorder NOS, and more diagnoses of lifetime Axis I nonsexual and sexual disorders.
Conclusion: Although depressive disorders were the most common Axis I diagnoses across groups, childhood ADHD was the only Axis I disorder statistically significantly associated with paraphilias, socially deviant and aggressive forms of sexual impulsivity.