The Neurobiology of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder




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We provide a comprehensive review of the neurobiological basis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. This summary was accomplished by a review of research in three areas: neuroimaging, genetics, and neurochemistry. Additionally, we also discuss a newer conceptualization of the disorder. Although none of the current findings present a unified picture of the pathophysiology of the disorder, the vast array of studies reviewed do highlight CNS abnormalities that, when taken together, present a convincing argument that the cause clearly resides within the realm of developing brain.

J Clin Psychiatry 1998;59(suppl 7):17–23