Postpartum-Onset Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Incidence, Clinical Features, and Related Factors
J Clin Psychiatry 2007;68(1):132-138
© Copyright 2015 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Objective: The aims of this study were to investigate the incidence rate and symptomatology of postpartum-onset obsessive-compulsive disorder (PPOCD), to investigate the factors associated with PPOCD, and to compare clinical characteristics of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) with and without postpartum onset.
Method: The study data were collected from 302 women who delivered at a child and maternity hospital in Turkey from August 2005 to November 2005 and a control group of 33 women who were admitted to the psychiatric outpatient clinic of a university hospital during the same time period and who met DSM-IV criteria for OCD. The 2 clinical interviews with women who delivered were performed face-to-face on the first day after childbirth and at 6 weeks postnatally. OCD and comorbid Axis II disorders werediagnosed by means of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders, respectively. Obsessive-compulsive symptomatology was assessed with the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale.
Results: The incidence of PPOCD was 4% at 6 weeks postnatally. The most common obsessions in women with PPOCD were contamination (75%), aggressive (33.3%), and symmetry/exactness (33.3%), and the most common compulsions were cleaning/washing (66.7%) and checking (58.3%). The patients with PPOCD had significantly more frequent aggressive obsessions (p = .039) and less severe obsessive-compulsive symptoms (p = .013) than the OCD patients without postpartum onset. The predictors of PPOCD were avoidant (p = .000) and obsessive-compulsive (p = .004) personality disorders.
Conclusions: This study suggests that the puerperium is a risk period in terms of new-onset OCD and that avoidant and obsessive-compulsive personality disorders predict PPOCD.