Reply to Long-Term Effects of the Terrorist Attack in Beslan on Adolescent Survivors
J Clin Psychiatry 2009;70(5):934-935 [reply letter]
© Copyright 2015 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
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Letter to the Editor
Sir: Van der Velden and Yzermans have raised several issues
regarding the long-term psychological effects of the 2004 terrorist
attack in Beslan on directly and indirectly exposed adolescent
survivors. They express concern that the absence of a
nonexposed control group and preattack data on participants’
psychological functioning hinders any conclusion about the
course or development of general psychological problems in
Previous research has shown that adolescents who have had
high levels of exposure to terrorism in terms of physical, temporal,
and emotional proximity (e.g., loss of loved ones) are at increased
risk of developing adverse reactions to trauma and that
youths who are indirectly exposed to a violent event may also
manifest symptoms of anxiety and depression.