Apoptosis: Neuronal Death by Design
Stephen M. Stahl
Excitotoxicity and Neuroprotection
Mental Illness May Be Damaging to Your Brain
"Awakening" From Schizophrenia: Intramolecular Polypharmacy and the Atypical Antipsychotics
Estrogen Makes the Brain a Sex Organ
Sex Therapy in Psychiatric Treatment Has a New Partner: Reproductive Hormones
Serotonin: It's Possible to Have Too Much of a Good Thing
How Psychiatrists Can Build New Therapies for Impotence
Nitric Oxide Physiology and Pharmacology
Stephen M. Stahl
Brain Tonics for Brain Sprouts: How Neurotrophic Factors Fertilize Neurons
Recognition Molecules Are Trailblazers for Axon Pathways
What Makes an Antipsychotic Atypical?
Neuropharmacology of Obesity: My Receptors Made Me Eat It
How to Appease the Appetite of Psychotropic Drugs
Getting Stoned Without Inhaling: Anandamide Is the Brain's Natural Marijuana
Brainstorms: Using Secondary Binding Properties to Select a Not So Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor
Peptides and Psychiatry, Part 1: How Synthesis of Neuropeptides Differs From Classical Neurotransmitter Synthesis
Peptides and Psychiatry, Part 3: Substance P and Serendipity: Novel Psychotropics Are a Possibility
Why Settle for Silver, When You Can Go for Gold? Response vs. Recovery as the Goal of Antidepressant Therapy.
Mergers and Acquisitions Among Psychotropics: Antidepressant Takeover of Anxiety May Now Be Complete
Antidepressants: The Blue-Chip Psychotropic for the Modern Treatment of Anxiety Disorders
Antipsychotic Polypharmacy, Part 1: Therapeutic Option or Dirty Little Secret?
Antipsychotic Polypharmacy, Part 2: Tips on Use and Misuse
Molecular Neurobiology for Practicing Psychiatrists, Part 5: How a Leucine Zipper Can Turn On Genes: Immediate-Early Genes Activate Late-Gene Expression in the Brain
Blue Genes and the Monoamine Hypothesis of Depression
Blue Genes and the Mechanism of Action of Antidepressants
The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Psychopharmacologists: Overview
The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Psychopharmacologists, Part 2: Begin With the End in Mind
The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Psychopharmacologists, Part 3: Sharpen the Saw With Selective Choices of Continuing Medical Education Programs
The 7 Habits of Highly Effective Psychopharmacologists, Part 4: Developing and Implementing the Vision
Paying Attention to Your Acetylcholine, Part 2: The Function of Nicotinic Receptors
The New Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Alzheimer's Disease, Part 1: Their Similarities Are Different
The New Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Alzheimer's Disease, Part 2: Illustrating Their Mechanisms of Action
New Drug Discovery in the Postgenomic Era: From Genomics to Proteomics
Does Evidence From Clinical Trials in Psychopharmacology Apply in Clinical Practice?
The Psychopharmacology of Sex, Part 1: Neurotransmitters and the 3 Phases of the Human Sexual Response
The Psychopharmacology of Sex, Part 2: Effects of Drugs and Disease on the 3 Phases of Human Sexual Response
Brainstorms: Why Drugs and Hormones May Interact in Psychiatric Disorders
Effects of Estrogen on the Central Nervous System.
Natural Estrogen as an Antidepressant for Women
Brainstorms: Fibromyalgia: The Enigma and the Stigma.
Gut Feelings About Irritable Bowel Syndrome
"Hit-and-Run" Actions at Dopamine Receptors, Part 1: Mechanism of Action of Atypical Antipsychotics
"Hit-and-Run" Actions at Dopamine Receptors, Part 2: Illustrating Fast Dissociation From Dopamine Receptors That Typifies Atypical Antipsychotics
Dopamine System Stabilizers, Aripiprazole, and the Next Generation of Antipsychotics, Part 1: "Goldilocks" Actions at Dopamine Receptors
Brainstorms: Dopamine System Stabilizers, Aripiprazole, and the Next Generation of Antipsychotics, Part 2: Illustrating Their Mechanism of Action
Antipsychotic Polypharmacy: Squandering Precious Resources?
Selective Actions on Sleep or Anxiety by Exploiting GABA-A/Benzodiazepine Receptor Subtypes
The Psychopharmacology of Painful Physical Symptoms in Depression
Awakening to the Psychopharmacology of Sleep and Arousal: Novel Neurotransmitters and Wake-Promoting Drugs
Brainstorms--5 Years and Counting
John S. Shelton Irving Shelton
Psychopharmacology of Wakefulness: Pathways and Neurotransmitters
Don't Ask, Don't Tell, but Benzodiazepines Are Still the Leading Treatments for Anxiety Disorder
Independent Actions on Fear Circuits May Lead to Therapeutic Synergy for Anxiety When Combining Serotonergic and GABAergic Agents
Can Psychopharmacologic Treatments That Relieve Symptoms Also Prevent Disease Progression?
Brainstorms: "The Metabolic Syndrome": Psychopharmacologists Should Weigh the Evidence for Weighing the Patient
Brainstorms: Neurotransmission of Cognition, Part 2 Selective NRIs Are Smart Drugs: Exploiting Regionally Selective Actions on Both Dopamine and Norepinephrine to Enhance Cognition
Brainstorms: Neurotransmission of Cognition, Part 3. Mechanism of Action of Selective NRIs: Both Dopamine and Norepinephrine Increase in Prefrontal Cortex
Brainstorms: Symptoms and Circuits, Part 1: Major Depressive Disorder
Brainstorms: Symptoms and Circuits, Part 3: Schizophrenia
Brainstorms: Anticonvulsants as Anxiolytics, Part 1: Tiagabine and Other Anticonvulsants With Actions on GABA
Brainstorms: Anticonvulsants as Anxiolytics, Part 2: Pregabalin and Gabapentin as α<sub>2</sub>δ Ligands at Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels
Brainstorms: Anticonvulsants and the Relief of Chronic Pain: Pregabalin and Gabapentin as α<sub>2</sub>δ Ligands at Voltage-Gated Calcium Channels
Brainstorms: Anticonvulsants as Mood Stabilizers and Adjuncts to Antipsychotics: Valproate, Lamotrigine, Carbamazepine, Oxcarbazepine and Actions at Voltage-Gated Sodium Channels
Brainstorms: Mechanism of Action of Voltage Sensitive Sodium Channel Modulators
Brainstorms: Mechanism of Action of α<sub>2</sub>δ Ligands: Voltage Sensitive Calcium Channel (VSCC) Modulators
Brainstorms: Psychopharmacology of Anticonvulsants: Levetiracetam as a Synaptic Vesicle Protein Modulator
Brainstorms: Drug Combinations for Bipolar Spectrum Disorders: Evidence-Based Prescribing or Prescribing-Based Evidence?
Brainstorms: Prophylactic Antipsychotics: Do They Keep You From Catching Schizophrenia?
Brainstorms: Preemptive Analgesia: Is Pain Less Costly When You Pre-Pay For It?
Brainstorms: Is Psychopharmacologic "Inoculation" Effective in Preventing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?
Brainstorms: L-Methylfolate: A Vitamin for Your Monoamines
Brainstorms: The Sigma Enigma: Can Sigma Receptors Provide a Novel Target for Disorders of Mood and Cognition?
Brainstorms: Vasomotor Symptoms and Depression in Women, Part 1. Role of Vasomotor Symptoms in Signaling the Onset or Relapse of a Major Depressive Episode
Brainstorms: Vasomotor Symptoms and Depression in Women, Part 2. Treatments That Cause Remission and Prevent Relapses of Major Depressive Episodes Overlap With Treatments for Vasomotor Symptoms
BRAINSTORMS: Norepinephrine and Dopamine Regulate Signals and Noise in the Prefrontal Cortex
Brainstorms: The Prefrontal Cortex Is Out of Tune in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Brainstorms: Epigenetics and Methylomics in Psychiatry
Brainstorms: Combining Antidepressant Therapies From the Initiation of Treatment: A Paradigm Shift for Major Depression
Brainstorms: Mechanism of Action of Stimulants in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Mechanism of Action of α<sub>2A</sub>-Adrenergic Agonists in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder With or Without Oppositional Symptoms
Circuits of Sexual Desire in Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Targeting Circuits of Sexual Desire as a Treatment Strategy for Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder
Illustrating the Circuits of Sexual Desire
The Serotonin-7 Receptor as a Novel Therapeutic Target