Some of the materials on this Web site are presented in portable document format (PDF), RealAudio, Flash , Shockwave, Windows Media, and Quicktime format. This page will help you learn about these media and how to best access them.
To read a PDF: You read PDF documents with Adobe Acrobat Reader. Acrobat Reader is both a stand-alone program and a plugin for your browser. Installed as a plugin, Acrobat Reader allows a seamless transition between an HTML document and a PDF. If you have not already installed Acrobat Reader, you may download it for free by clicking the button below. Before you install Acrobat Reader, you may want to bookmark the page you were on before you came here so you can return to it after you have installed the program.
An Electronic Version of the Original Document: A PDF presents an electronic document that very closely resembles the document as it was printed. For example, articles from the Journal presented as PDFs will appear with the same fonts and layout as they did in the printed version. Because a PDF contains all the necessary font information, you do not even need to have the fonts on your system for the PDF to display properly.
Ease of Printing: In addition, you may print a PDF to any laser or ink-jet printer and obtain a paper copy similar to that published in the Journal. Please remember, however, that all PDFs are copyrighted. You may print a copy of an article for your personal use, but printing multiple copies without our express permission is prohibited.
Ease of Searching: Another advantage of PDFs is that you can quickly find the information you are looking for, either through a search on a word or through an electronic table of contents. When you are in a PDF, you can access the word search by clicking on the Binoculars icon in the Acrobat toolbar, typing the word you wish to find, and clicking the FIND button. In addition, we create a custom set of bookmarks for each PDF document that allows you to quickly jump to the articles you are interested in. You may show and hide this list of bookmarks by clicking the "Show/hide navigation pane" button on the navigation bar. In most PDFs, we also have placed hyperlinks on the table of contents to allow you even more flexibility in finding the article you want.
To listen to a RealAudio presentation: You listen to RealAudio presentations using RealNetworks RealPlayer. If you have not already installed RealPlayer, you may download it for free by clicking the button below. You may want to bookmark the page you were on before you came here so you can return to it after you have installed the program. Real Networks offers two versions of its player, one for which they charge a fee and one which is free. The free player is all you need to listen to online RealAudio presentations. When you go to the RealNetworks site, you should know that the link to download the free player is very small and hard to notice on first inspection, but keep looking, it is on the page. Note: If you have a previous version of RealPlayer, you may not need to download the latest version of RealPlayer to listen to our RealAudio presentations.
A Compact File: RealAudio files are small for easy transmission over the Internet. We usually offer our presentations in two formats: low quality and high quality. The low quality file sacrifices a small amount of audio fidelity in favor of a shorter download time suitable for slower Internet connections. The high quality format allows for more fidelity, but is larger, and more suitable for faster Internet connections.
Streaming Animation Easily Transmitted: You view the streaming animations on our Web site using Macromedia's Flash Player. This is a plugin that integrates with your browser to provide you with seamless viewing of Flash content. Flash format allows you to easily see interactive animated presentations on the web. Note that our presentations are in Flash 5 format, and if you have an earlier version of the Flash Player, you will need to upgrade your plugin. Use the link below to retrieve the necessary files and learn how to install the Flash Player plugin in your browser.
Advanced Streaming Animation: The requirements of some presentation call for something a little more. Macromedia's Shockwave Player takes another step beyond Flash to provide added capabilities with video and 3D animation. The link below will take you to Macromedia's website to download this free plugin to expand your web experience.
Streaming Animation and Sound in a Popular Format: We present some sound and animation files on our Web site using Windows Media Format in addition to Flash 5 and RealAudio formats. The Windows Media Player is a plugin that integrates with your browser to provide you with seamless viewing of Windows Media content. Use the link below to retrieve the necessary files and learn how to install the Flash Player plugin in your browser.
Internet Standard Video: Apple provides this free plugin and program for users of both Windows and Macintosh computers. It allows viewing of several video formats. Most videos on our site require that you at least have Quicktime Version 4. Click the link below to download Quicktime from the Apple website.