Venlafaxine Versus Fluvoxamine in the Treatment of Delusional Depression: A Pilot Double-Blind Controlled Study
J Clin Psychiatry 2000;61:26-29
© Copyright 2014 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Background: Previous studies have reported the
efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors as
monotherapy in the treatment of delusional depression. The
clinical efficacy of venlafaxine, a serotonin-norepinephrine
reuptake blocker, has been demonstrated in the treatment of
patients with moderate-to-severe depression, but, to date, no
evidence is available about its use in depressed patients with
Method: Under double-blind conditions, 28
hospitalized patients who met DSM-IV criteria for major
depression, severe with psychotic features, were randomly
assigned to receive fluvoxamine or venlafaxine, 300 mg/day, for 6
weeks. Severity was evaluated using the Hamilton Rating Scale for
Depression (HAM-D) and the Dimensions of Delusional Experience
Rating Scale (DDERS) administered at baseline and every week
thereafter. Side effects were also recorded. Clinical response
was defined as a reduction of the scores in the 21-item HAM-D to
8 or below and in the DDERS to 0.
Results: At study completion, the response rates
were 78.6% (N = 11) and 58.3% (N = 7) for fluvoxamine and
venlafaxine, respectively. No significant difference was found
between drugs (Fisher exact test, p = .40). Analysis of
covariance on HAM-D scores did not reveal a significantly
different decrease of depressive symptomatology between the 2
treatment groups (p = .14). Treatment response appeared to be
unrelated to the demographic and clinical characteristics
recorded. The overall safety profile of both fluvoxamine and
venlafaxine was favorable.
Conclusion: The results of this pilot
double-blind trial show that fluvoxamine is useful in the
treatment of delusional depression and suggest that venlafaxine
may also be an effective compound in the treatment of this
disorder. The latter finding, although promising, warrants
further replication in a larger sample of patients.