Twelve-Month Outcome in Bipolar Patients With and Without Personality Disorders
J Clin Psychiatry 2000;61(2):134-139
© Copyright 2014 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Background: We studied the 12-month course of illness after hospitalization for patients with a DSM-III-R diagnosis of bipolar disorder, manic or mixed episode, to identify the impact of a co-occurring personality disorder on measures of outcome.
Method: Fifty-nine patients with bipolar disorder hospitalized for the treatment of a manic or mixed episode were recruited. Diagnostic, symptomatic, and functional evaluations were obtained at the index hospitalization. Personality disorders were assessed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R, personality disorders version (SCID-II). Patients were then reevaluated at 2, 6, and 12 months after discharge to assess syndromic, symptomatic, and functional recovery. Factors associated with outcome were identified using multivariate analyses.
Results: Survival analyses showed that in the 12-month follow-up period, subjects with bipolar disorder and co-occurring personality disorder were significantly less likely to achieve recovery. Logistic regression analyses indicated that both a diagnosis of personality disorder and noncompliance with treatment were significantly associated with lack of syndromic recovery.
Conclusion: Co-occurring personality disorders in patients with bipolar disorder are associated with poor outcome after hospitalization for mania.