Effects of the Menstrual Cycle on Measures of Personality in Women With Premenstrual Syndrome: A Preliminary Study
J Clin Psychiatry 2001;62(5):337-342
© Copyright 2016 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Background: Previous studies suggest that women with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) differ from those without PMS in measures of personality. The purpose of this study was to measure the effect of menstrual cycle phase on personality variables in women with and without PMS.
Method: The Personality Diagnostic
Questionnaire-Revised (PDQ-R) was administered in both the
follicular and luteal phases to women with PMS (according to
National Institute of Mental Health PMS Workshop Diagnostic
Guidelines) (N = 40). An asymptomatic control group (N = 20) as
well as a symptomatic group of women with DSM-IV-diagnosed
recurrent, non-menstrual-cycle-related brief depression (N = 20)
also completed the questionnaire in both phases.
Results: Only women with PMS demonstrated a
significant increase in total PDQ-R score (reflecting overall
personality disorder) from the follicular to the luteal phase (p
< .01). Women with PMS had significantly higher total PDQ-R
scores than the asymptomatic controls during both the follicular
(p < .05) and luteal (p < .01) phases, whereas there was no
significant difference between women with PMS and symptomatic
controls during either phase. Subscale scores fit similar
patterns, as did the number of women in each group meeting a
cutoff score indicative of the presence of personality
Conclusion: In this preliminary study, women
with PMS were unique in demonstrating a menstrual cycle phase
effect on PDQ-R score, while their scores in both phases were
closer to symptomatic controls than asymptomatic controls. These
findings suggest that personality disorder in women with PMS may
have both state- and trait-related components.