Patterns of Temperament and Character in Subjects With Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
J Clin Psychiatry 2001;62(8):637-641
© Copyright 2014 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
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Background: The purpose of this study was
to assess the temperament and character patterns of
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients and to investigate
the relationship between patterns of temperament and character
and the severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
Method: The subjects were 40 patients who
met DSM-IV criteria for OCD and 40 age-, sex-, and IQ-matched
healthy controls. All subjects completed Cloninger's Temperament
and Character Inventory. Other instruments included the
Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale, the Beck Depression
Inventory, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory.
Results: OCD patients showed
significantly higher scores of harm avoidance and lower scores of
novelty seeking and self-directedness compared with healthy
comparison subjects. In addition, the high harm avoidance and low
self-directedness scores are correlated with a greater severity
of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in OCD subjects (multiple
regression analysis, beta = 0.39, t = 2.54, df = 34, p = .016;
beta = -0.41, t = 2.46, df = 34, p = .019, respectively).
Conclusion: OCD patients had distinct patterns
of temperament and character compared with healthy comparison
subjects. In addition, these patterns are specifically related to
the severity of obsessive-compulsive symptoms.