What Research Suggests for Depressed Women With Children.[CME]
J Clin Psychiatry 2002;63(7):641-647
© Copyright 2014 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
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Background: The strong association
between maternal and offspring depression has been
observed in numerous studies. Understanding this association has implications for early
intervention and prevention.
Method: Findings from our
community-based epidemiologic studies and high-risk and
longitudinal studies of families with depression
Results and Conclusions: The
childbearing years are the high-risk period for major
depression in women. The offspring of depressed women are at high risk for depression. The
risk begins before puberty in the offspring and is transmitted to the grandchildren. Depression
that begins in childhood or adolescence is
continuous and is associated with considerable
morbidity. Despite the availability of efficacious
treatment, the majority of depressed adults and children
remain untreated. Without a clear commitment to mental health parity and an effective service
system for intervention, little progress will occur
in improving the treatment of depression. There
are numerous opportunities for research on the
etiology, treatment, and prevention of depression
in mothers and their children.