Two-Year Follow-Up of a Smoking Cessation Trial in Patients With Schizophrenia: Increased Rates of Smoking Cessation and Reduction. [CME]
J Clin Psychiatry 2004;65(3):307-311
© Copyright 2017 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Background: Long-term success rates of smoking cessation programs for patients with schizophrenia are unknown. This study, conducted between June 2001 and November 2002, evaluated the rate of smoking cessation and reduction in patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV) 2 years after they had participated in a smoking cessation study in order to determine whether subjects who significantly reduced smoking during the original trial resumed their previous level of smoking at 2 years.
Method: Two years following a double-blind placebo-controlled trial of bupropion sustained release, 150 mg/day, added to cognitive-behavioral therapy for smoking cessation in patients with schizophrenia, subjects were interviewed, medical charts were reviewed, and carbon monoxide in expired air was measured.
Results: Seventeen of 18 subjects completed the follow-up assessment. More subjects were abstinent (22% [N = 4]) at the 2-year follow-up than were abstinent at the end of the trial (6% [N = 1]). Subjects who achieved significant smoking reduction during the trial were more likely to be abstinent at 2 years (4/7) than those who did not significantly reduce smoking during the trial (0/11) (chi2 = 8.1, p < .005). Most subjects who achieved >= 50% reduction in smoking at the end of the trial maintained at least that level of reduction at 2 years. Smoking reduction during the treatment intervention was correlated with smoking reduction at follow-up (r = 0.60, p = .01).
Conclusion: The results from this naturalistic study suggest that behavior changes achieved in smoking cessation programs for patients with schizophrenia may be durable and may predict future smoking behavior. We conclude that further investigation into the relationship between smoking reduction and future smoking cessation in special populations is indicated.