Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder-Specific Quality of Life With Triple-Bead Mixed Amphetamine Salts (SPD465) in Adults: Results of a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study
J Clin Psychiatry 2008;69(11):1766-1775
© Copyright 2016 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Objective: To assess the quality of life (QOL) in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) given triple-bead mixed amphetamine salts (MAS), a long-acting amphetamine formulation designed for a duration of action of up to 16 hours.
Method: 274 adults with ADHD (DSM-IV-TR criteria) were randomly assigned to 7 weeks of double-blind treatment with an optimal dose of triple-bead MAS (12.5 mg to 75 mg) (N = 137) or placebo (N = 137). As a secondary objective of this study, QOL was assessed on the basis of self-reported Adult ADHD Impact Module (AIM-A) scores, describing ADHD-specific QOL in 6 domains and global QOL (questions 1-4). To assess safety, data were collected on adverse events, vital signs, electrocardiograms, laboratory tests, and sleep quality. The trial was conducted from January 2005 to June 2005.
Results: Statistically significant improvement between triple-bead MAS and placebo was observed in all 6 ADHD-specific AIM-A subscales. In addition, statistically significant improvement in global QOL between triple-bead MAS and placebo was seen, based on AIM-A question 1 (p = .0006) and question 4 (p = .0001). Patients' age, gender, race, and prior use of stimulant medication were not found to significantly affect AIM-A subscale scores. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events with triple-bead MAS (insomnia, dry mouth, decreased appetite, headache, and weight decreased) were consistent with amphetamine treatment, and their incidence generally decreased with time.
Conclusions: Adults with ADHD showed significantly improved QOL for both ADHD-specific and global measures with triple-bead MAS in comparison to placebo, based on AIM-A scores. Treatment-emergent adverse events were mostly mild to moderate in intensity and were consistent with amphetamine treatment.
Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00150579