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Extended-Release Quetiapine as Adjunct to an Antidepressant in Patients With Major Depressive Disorder: Results of a Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Study

J Clin Psychiatry 2009;70(4):540-549
10.4088/JCP.08m04629

Objective: This 6-week, randomized, double-blind study evaluated efficacy and safety of adjunctive extended-release (XR) quetiapine in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and an inadequate response to 1 antidepressant.

Method: Male or female patients aged 18 to 65 years with DSM-IV-TR MDD were randomly assigned to receive quetiapine XR (150 or 300 mg/day) or placebo adjunctive to continuing antidepressant. Primary endpoint was change from randomization to week 6 in Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) total score. Secondary variables included MADRS response (≥ 50% reduction in score from randomization) at weeks 1 and 6, MADRS remission (≤ 8 total score) at week 6, and week 6 change in Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety total scores. Safety was assessed throughout the study. The study was conducted between May 8, 2006, and April 7, 2007.

Results: Four hundred ninety-three patients were randomly assigned. Mean change from randomization to week 6 in MADRS score was -15.26 and -14.94 for quetiapine XR 150 mg/day and 300 mg/day, respectively (both p

Conclusion: Adjunctive quetiapine XR (150 mg/day and 300 mg/day) was effective in patients with MDD who had shown an inadequate response to antidepressant treatment. Significant reduction of depressive symptoms occurred as early as week 1. Findings were consistent with the known safety and tolerability profile of quetiapine.

Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00351910