Candidate Gene Analysis Identifies a Polymorphism in <em>HLA-DQB1</em> Associated With Clozapine-Induced Agranulocytosis
J Clin Psychiatry 2011;72(4):458-463
© Copyright 2015 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Objective: Clozapine is considered to be the most efficacious drug to treat schizophrenia, although it is underutilized, partially due to a side effect of agranulocytosis. This analysis of 74 candidate genes was designed to identify an association between sequence variants and clozapine-induced agranulocytosis (CIA).
Method: Blood and medical history were collected for 33 CIA cases and 54 clozapine-treated controls enrolled between April 2002 and December 2003. Significant markers from 4 genes were then assessed in an independently collected case-control cohort (49 CIA cases, 78 controls).
Results: Sequence variants in 5 genes were found to be associated with CIA in the first cohort: HLA-DQB1, HLA-C, DRD1, NTSR1, and CSF2RB. Sequence variants in HLA-DQB1 were also found to be associated with CIA in the second cohort. After refinement analyses of sequence variants in HLA-DQB1, a single SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism), 6672G>C, was found to be associated with risk for CIA; the odds of CIA are 16.9 times greater in patients who carry this marker compared to those who do not.
Conclusions: A sequence variant (6672G>C) in HLA-DQB1 is associated with increased risk for CIA. This marker identifies a subset of patients with an exceptionally high risk of CIA, 1,175% higher than the overall clozapine-treated population under the current blood-monitoring system. Assessing risk for CIA by testing for this and other genetic variants yet to be determined may be clinically useful when deciding whether to begin or continue treatment with clozapine.
J Clin Psychiatry
Submitted: June 25, 2009; accepted September 16, 2009.
Online ahead of print: September 21, 2010 (doi:10.4088/JCP.09m05527yel).
Corresponding author: Maria C. Athanasiou, PhD, PGxHealth, 5 Science Park, New Haven, CT 06511 (firstname.lastname@example.org).