Patient Characteristics Associated With Use of Lurasidone Versus Other Atypical Antipsychotics in Patients With Bipolar Disorder: Analysis From a Claims Database in the United States

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Objective: To compare patient characteristics, medical comorbidities, health care utilization, and health care costs among patients with bipolar disorder who initiated lurasidone versus other atypical antipsychotics in usual clinical practice.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of administrative claims data was conducted using the US Optum Research Database (December 30, 2012, through February 27, 2014). Adult, commercially insured patients with bipolar disorder with an atypical antipsychotic prescription between June 28, 2013, and November 30, 2013, were included. The lurasidone cohort first included any patients with a lurasidone prescription; remaining patients were assigned to their first atypical antipsychotic (aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, risperidone, ziprasidone). Preindex patient characteristics comparisons to lurasidone were conducted with t tests (continuous variables) and χ2 or Fisher exact tests (categorical variables).

Results: A total of 3,329 patients were included in this database analysis. A higher percentage of the lurasidone cohort (31.1%) had bipolar depression compared with the other cohorts (23.5%28.0%). The lurasidone cohort had a statistically significantly higher percentage of patients with prior diabetes mellitus (13.3%) and lipid metabolism disorders (23.2%) than did the quetiapine cohort (8.4% and 16.3%, P < .01). In addition, the lurasidone cohort had significantly more prior antipsychotic polypharmacy (23.0% vs 6.7%12.9%, P < .01) and atypical antipsychotic use (55.6% vs 11.8%26.3%, P < .01) than other cohorts. The lurasidone cohort had a statistically significantly higher mean number of prior all-cause and mental health office visits (P < .001) and higher mean prior pharmacy costs than most cohorts (P < .01).

Conclusions: Lurasidone-treated patients with bipolar disorder tended to have a more complex clinical profile, comorbidities, and prior treatment history compared to patients initiated with other atypical antipsychotics in this claims database study. This pattern of treatment may have reflected the overall clinical profile of lurasidone, the role perceived for lurasidone in the therapeutic armamentarium by practitioners, and the recent introduction of lurasidone into clinical practice during the study period.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2017;19(3):16m02066

https://doi.org/10.4088/PCC.16m02066