Electroconvulsive Therapy for Catatonia With Deep Venous Thrombosis: A Case Series



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Objective: Catatonia is a motor dysregulation syndrome often accompanied by deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Although electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is effective for catatonia, it is unknown whether ECT contributes to the onset of a PE from a residual DVT. The objective of this case series is to examine and propose safety methods for ECT in catatonia patients with a DVT.

Methods: Data were obtained retrospectively via chart review for 5 psychiatric inpatients diagnosed with catatonia based on DSM-IV-TR or DSM-5 criteria from April 2010 to March 2017 who underwent ECT after developing a DVT.

Results: All 5 patients received anticoagulation therapy after the onset of DVT and underwent subsequent ECT. Three patients had distal DVT (thromboses located below the knee in the calf veins) before ECT, which did not result in an onset of PE in the course of ECT. One had a proximal DVT (thromboses in the popliteal vein and above), and the ECT session was completed without the occurrence of PE. In the fifth patient, a proximal DVT developed into a PE after an ECT session.

Conclusions: These results suggest that it is important to determine the location of a DVT and to continue anticoagulation therapy until a proximal DVT disappears before ECT is performed.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2018;20(4):18m02286