The Spectrum of Anxiety Disorders in the Medically Ill
J Clin Psychiatry 2010;71(7):910-914
© Copyright 2014 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
Purchase This PDF for $40.00
If you are not a paid subscriber, you may purchase the PDF.
(You'll need the free Adobe Acrobat Reader.)
Receive immediate full-text access to JCP. You can subscribe to JCP online-only ($86) or print + online ($156 individual).
With your subscription, receive a free PDF collection of the NCDEU Festschrift articles. Hurry! This offer ends December 31, 2011.
If you are a paid subscriber to JCP and do not yet have a username and password, activate your subscription now.
As a paid subscriber who has activated your subscription, you have access to the HTML and PDF versions of this item.
Click here to login.
Did you forget your password?
Still can't log in? Contact the Circulation Department at 1-800-489-1001 x4 or send email
Objective: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to assess the prevalence and characteristics of anxiety disorders in the medically ill.
Method: A sample of 1,660 medical patients was recruited from different medical settings in different periods from 1996 to 2007. All patients underwent detailed semistructured interviews with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID) and the Structured Interview for Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research (DCPR).
Results: Generalized anxiety disorder was the most frequent anxiety disturbance (10.3%) and was associated with DCPR somatization syndromes, Type A behavior, and irritable mood. Panic disorder with agoraphobia and agoraphobia without history of panic disorder had almost identical prevalence (about 4.5%), but differed in some patterns of somatization. Agoraphobia without panic attacks was related to illness denial, persistent somatization, anniversary reactions, and demoralization. Much lower prevalence rates were reported for social phobia and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
Conclusions: The findings indicate that anxiety disorders are common in the setting of medical disease and are associated with several types of psychosomatic presentations. The links between agoraphobia without history of panic disorder and illness denial may provide an explanation for some discrepancies that have occurred in the literature as to the prevalence of agoraphobia in clinical samples compared to epidemiologic studies.
J Clin Psychiatry 2010;71(7):910–914
Submitted: January 25, 2010; accepted March 16, 2010.
Online ahead of print: June 1, 2010 (doi:10.4088/JCP.10m06000blu).
Corresponding author: Giovanni A. Fava, MD, Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Viale Berti Pichat 5, 40127, Bologna, Italy (email@example.com).