Medical Risk in Patients With Bipolar Disorder and Schizophrenia
J Clin Psychiatry 2006;67(11):e16
© Copyright 2014 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.
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Patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder are
vulnerable to developing key modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular
disease, such as obesity, smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and type 2
diabetes mellitus. In addition, mood stabilizers, anticonvulsants, and
antipsychotic medications, which are commonly used to treat schizophrenia and
bipolar disorder, have been linked to risk for adverse metabolic changes in
patients. This review reports the prevalence of medical risk factors in the
general population as well as in those patients with schizophrenia or bipolar
disorder and discusses treatment strategies and lifestyle changes that patients
can make in order to reduce their risks for certain diseases.
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