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Assessment of Resilience in the Aftermath of Trauma

J Clin Psychiatry 2006;67(suppl 2):46-49

Resilience is a crucial component in determining the way in which individuals react to and deal with stress. A broad range of features is associated with resilience; these features relate to the strengths and positive aspects of an individual’s mental state. In patients with posttraumatic stress disorder, resilience can be used as a measure of treatment outcome, with improved resilience increasing the likelihood of a favorable outcome. Resilience can be monitored using the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, and perceived vulnerability to the effects of stress can be monitored with the Sheehan Stress Vulnerability Scale. Both scales are well validated, self-rated, easy to use, and easily translatable. Within a short period of time, nonspecialists can be taught to use these in the field.