Identifying Tardive Dyskinesia: Risk Factors, Functional Impact, and Diagnostic Tools

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Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is an involuntary movement disorder induced by dopamine-receptor blocking agents (DRBAs), including antipsychotics. Because the introduction of second-generation antipsychotics has reduced but not eliminated the risk for TD as had been hoped, recognizing and treating TD are important skills for clinicians. Many patients rely on DRBAs for chronic conditions. To minimize the risk of patients’ involuntary movements becoming permanent, they must be detected early and treated. To improve the early recognition and diagnosis of TD, clinicians must know the risk factors, understand the functional impairment, regularly and systematically assess their patients, and appropriately apply diagnostic criteria.

From the Pharmacotherapy Division, The University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy, and Pharmacotherapy Education and Research Center, School of Medicine, UT Health San Antonio.

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J Clin Psychiatry 2020;81(1):TV18059BR1C

https://doi.org/10.4088/JCP.TV18059BR1C