Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression Among Diabetic Outpatients in Ethiopia

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Objective: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of depression among diabetic outpatients in 2 hospitals in Ethiopia.

Methods: This institution-based cross-sectional study was conducted from April to May 2018. A systematic random-sampling technique was used to select study participants. Depression was assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale-Depression. Logistic regression analysis was used, and strength of the association was presented as adjusted odds ratio (AOR) with 95% CI; P

Results: The prevalence of depression among patients with diabetes was 37.8% (95% CI, 33.2%–42.6%). Female sex (AOR = 5.33, 95% CI, 3.05–9.33), type 2 diabetes mellitus (AOR = 3.28, 95% CI, 1.69–6.36), comorbid disease (AOR = 2.84, 95% CI, 1.39–5.83), current substance use (AOR = 1.74, 95% CI, 0.42–7.29), high fear of complications (AOR = 1.76, 95% CI, 1.05–2.93), and poor social support (AOR = 1.94, 95% CI, 1.03–3.67) were significantly associated with depression.

Conclusions: In the current study, the prevalence of depression among diabetic outpatients was higher than that of studies conducted in other settings. Depression was significantly associated with female sex, rural residency, type 2 diabetes mellitus, duration of illness > 6 years, high fear of complications, and poor social support.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2020;22(2):19m02479