Bipolar Disorder and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Comorbidity in Children and Adolescents: Evidence-Based Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment

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The relationship between bipolar disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has received considerable attention in psychiatric research. Elevated rates of bipolar disorder-ADHD comorbidity among youth and coaggregation within families raise questions as to whether co-occurring bipolar disorder and ADHD represent (1) a more severe subtype of bipolar disorder, (2) related disorders with a shared genetic predisposition, or (3) separate though frequently comorbid disorders. Regardless of etiology, co-occurrence of bipolar disorder and ADHD has been associated with adverse illness outcomes in both disorders, consistent with bipolar disorder-ADHD comorbidity being a marker for poorer prognosis and thus a more severe subtype.

Volume: 74

Quick Links: Child and Adolescent , Populations

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