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Beyond the <em>DSM</em>: The <em>Perspectives of Psychiatry</em> Approach to Patients

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2012;14(1):doi:10.4088/PCC.11m01233
10.4088/PCC.11m01233

ABSTRACT

This article presents an alternative approach to the DSM for the understanding and treatment of patients with psychiatric conditions. This alternative approach, based on The Perspectives of Psychiatry, requires a systematic consideration of the patient’s psychiatric condition from 4 perspectives: disease, dimensional, behavior, and life story. The Perspectives approach offers a way of understanding the nature and origin of clinical presentations and provides a clear structure for developing personalized treatment plans. Although the approach was originally articulated at Johns Hopkins University, a review of the literature shows significant dispersion of elements of the model to other institutions in several countries. The Perspectives approach is increasingly used as a method for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders and is a valuable educational tool for teaching psychiatry to students.

Prim Care Companion CNS Disord 2012;14(1):doi:10.4088/PCC.11m01233

Submitted: June 14, 2011; accepted August 11, 2011.

Published online: February 23, 2012.

Corresponding author: Matthew E. Peters, MD, Department of Psychiatry, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, A-458, 4940 Eastern Ave, Baltimore, MD 21224 (matt.peters@jhmi.edu).