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Original Research

Cigarette Use and Cannabis Use Disorder Onset, Persistence, and Relapse: Longitudinal Data From a Representative Sample of US Adults

Andrea H. Weinberger, PhDa,b; Jonathan Platt, PhD, MPHc; Jiaqi Zhu, MAd; Jacob Levin, BAa; Ollie Ganz, DrPHe,f; and Renee D. Goodwin, PhD, MPHc,d,*

Published: June 29, 2021


Objective: The current study prospectively investigated the relationship between cigarette use and the onset of, persistence of, and relapse to cannabis use disorder (CUD) 3 years later among adults in the United States.

Methods: Analyses included respondents who completed Waves 1 and 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (2001–2002 and 2004–2005, respectively) and responded to questions about cigarette use, cannabis use, and CUD (n = 34,653). CUDs were defined by DSM-IV criteria using the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule–Diagnostic Version IV. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to calculate the odds of CUD onset, persistence, and relapse at Wave 2 by Wave 1 cigarette use status. Analyses were adjusted for sociodemographics, psychiatric disorders, nicotine dependence, and alcohol and other substance use disorders.

Results: Cigarette use at Wave 1 was associated with onset of CUD at Wave 2 among those without Wave 1 cannabis use (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.62; 95% CI, 1.35–1.94) but not among those with Wave 1 cannabis use (AOR = 1.00; 95% CI, 0.83–1.19). Cigarette use at Wave 1 was also associated with persistence of CUD at Wave 2 among those with CUD at Wave 1 (AOR = 1.63; 95% CI, 1.30–2.00) and relapse to CUD at Wave 2 among those with remitted CUD at Wave 1 (AOR = 1.23; 95% CI, 1.09–1.45).

Conclusions: Among adults, cigarette use is associated with increased onset and persistence of and relapse to CUD 3 years later. Additional attention to cigarette use in community prevention and clinical treatment efforts aimed at reducing CUD may be warranted.

Volume: 82

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