Extended-Release Bupropion for Patients With Major Depressive Disorder Presenting With Symptoms of Reduced Energy, Pleasure, and Interest: Findings From a Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study

James W. Jefferson, A. John Rush, J. Craig Nelson, Susan A. VanMeter, Alok Krishen, Kenneth D. Hampton, Donna S. Wightman, and Jack G. Modell

Published: June 15, 2006

Article Abstract

Objective: This multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of extended-release bupropion (bupropion XL) in the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD) with prominent symptoms of decreased energy, pleasure, and interest.

Method: Eligible adult outpatients meeting DSM-IV criteria for MDD were randomly assigned to bupropion XL 300 to 450 mg/day (N = 135) or placebo (N = 139) for 8 weeks. The primary efficacy measure, change from baseline on the 30-item Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Self Report (IDS-IVR-30) total score, was obtained using interactive voice response (IVR) technology. Secondary measures included change from baseline on the 30-item Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology-Clinician-Rated (IDS-C-30) total score and change in domain subset scores for energy, pleasure, and interest; for insomnia; and for anxiety. Response and remission rates were also calculated. Safety was assessed by withdrawal rates, adverse events (AEs), body weight, and vital signs. The study was conducted from June 24, 2003, to June 30, 2004.

Results: Bupropion XL was superior to placebo at endpoint in reducing the IDS-IVR-30 total score (p = .018) and the energy, pleasure, and interest domain (p = .007) and the insomnia domain (p = .023) scores. IDS-C-30 outcomes were also significant (p < .001; p = 7% body weight loss was 3.7% with bupropion XL and 1.4% with placebo.

Conclusion: Bupropion XL was effective and well tolerated in MDD patients with decreased energy, pleasure, and interest.

Volume: 67

Quick Links: Depression (MDD)

Continue Reading…

Subscribe to read the entire article

$40.00

Buy this Article as a PDF

References

Sign-up to stay
up-to-date today!

SUBSCRIBE

Already registered? Sign In

Original Research

Frontothalamic Circuit Abnormalities in Patients With Bipolar Depression and Suicide Attempts

To identify potential markers for suicide risk, this fMRI study looked at neural activity in bipolar depression...

Read More...