This work may not be copied, distributed, displayed, published, reproduced, transmitted, modified, posted, sold, licensed, or used for commercial purposes. By downloading this file, you are agreeing to the publisher’s Terms & Conditions.

Free Online Activities

Understanding the Complexity of Bipolar Mixed Episodes

Susan L. McElroy, MD

Published: February 14, 2008

Article Abstract

The current system of diagnosis and classification from sources such as the DSM-IV-TR and the ICD-10 are not adequate to represent the complexities of bipolar illness. As the phenomenology or the presentation of the illness becomes better understood, the bipolar nomenclature may have to be altered. Psychiatry is moving toward the concept that mixed states lay on a bipolar spectrum such that patients can have innumerable combinations and varied degrees of manic and depressive symptoms.

See the entire activity.‘ ‹

Some JCP and PCC articles are available in PDF format only. Please click the PDF link at the top of this page to access the full text.

Related Articles

Volume: 69

Quick Links: Bipolar Disorder

Sign-up to stay
up-to-date today!


Already registered? Sign In

Original Research

Prevalence and Correlates of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms in Individuals With Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, or Bipolar Disorder

Prevalence and correlates of obsessive-compulsive symptoms and OCD were identified from the case records of over 22,500...