This work may not be copied, distributed, displayed, published, reproduced, transmitted, modified, posted, sold, licensed, or used for commercial purposes. By downloading this file, you are agreeing to the publisher’s Terms & Conditions.

Original Research

The Course of Chronic Pain With and Without Psychiatric Disorders: A 6-Year Follow-Up Study From Childhood to Adolescence and Young Adulthood

Lidewij M. E. Knook, MD; Jeroen G. Lijmer, MD, PhD; Antoinette Y. Konijnenberg, MD, PhD; Beatrijs Taminiau, MS; and Herman van Engeland, MD, PhD

Published: January 15, 2012

Article Abstract

Objective: Psychiatric disorders are common in children with chronic pain, but their course and impact when children grow up are unknown. This study examines the 6-year clinical outcome of children referred for chronic pain with and without comorbid psychiatric disorders.

Method: In 91 children and adolescents (aged 8 to 17 years) referred to a university outpatient clinic for chronic pain, child psychiatric disorders were assessed using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-parent version (DISC-P) between 2000 and 2002. Participants (aged 13 to 24 years) were reassessed on average 6-years later. Outcome measures were chronic pain and psychiatric disorders assessed with the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children-children version (DISC-C) or the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and Diagnostic Interview Schedule IV (DIS).

Results: After 6 years, 75% of the participants still experienced chronic pain and 15% were in complete remission of both chronic pain and psychiatric disorder. The prevalence of psychiatric disorders (both persistent and new onset disorders) at follow-up was 32%. Baseline psychiatric disorder was a predictor of psychiatric disorder at follow-up (OR = 2.6, 95% CI = 1.1-6.5, P = .04; adjusted OR = 2.8, 95% CI = 1.1-7.1, P = .03) but did not predict persistence of chronic pain.

Conclusions: Children referred for chronic pain frequently continue to suffer from chronic pain and psychiatric disorders in adolescence and young adulthood. In this population, comorbid psychiatric disorder at study entry was a predictor of psychiatric disorder, but not of persistent chronic pain, in adolescence and young adulthood.

J Clin Psychiatry 2012;73(1):e134-e139

Volume: 73

Quick Links: Pain , Somatic Symptoms and Related Disorders

Continue Reading…

Subscribe to read the entire article

$40.00

Buy this Article as a PDF

Sign-up to stay
up-to-date today!

SUBSCRIBE

Already registered? Sign In

Clinical and Practical Psychopharmacology

Skeletal and Dental Fractures Associated With Electroconvulsive Therapy

Recent data suggest the risk of skeletal or dental fracture with ECT may be as low as...

Read More...