Are Patients With Alcohol-Related Seizures a Specific Subgroup?
Objective: Alcohol-related seizures are acute symptomatic seizures most frequently associated with alcohol withdrawal. However, little is known about the phenotypic characteristics of patients with alcohol-related seizures. This study evaluated the clinical features and personality traits of alcohol use disorder patients with alcohol-related seizures.
Methods: This comparative correlational study assessed the clinical and psychological covariates of alcohol-related seizures. A total of 144 alcohol-dependent patients were recruited from an alcoholism unit from January 2017 to January 2019 and divided into 2 subgroups: alcohol-dependent patients reporting alcohol-related seizures and alcohol-dependent patients with no history of alcohol-related seizures.
Results: The alcohol-related seizures subgroup significantly started to abuse (F = 4.1, P = .019) and depend (F = 0.12, P = .008) on alcohol at an earlier age and had more alcohol detoxification episodes (F = 4.4, P = .048), a higher degree of alcohol dependence severity (F = 0.30, P = .009), and a more frequent family history of alcoholism (χ2 = 4.9, P = .026). These patients also had lower levels of openness to experience (F = 4.0, P = .029) after adjustment for current age, age at onset of alcohol misuse and dependence, severity of alcohol dependence level, number of previous alcohol detoxifications, and family history.
Conclusions: The findings will help clinicians better understand this subgroup of patients and highlight the importance of considering personality traits and other clinical features when tailoring treatment for these individuals.
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