This work may not be copied, distributed, displayed, published, reproduced, transmitted, modified, posted, sold, licensed, or used for commercial purposes. By downloading this file, you are agreeing to the publisher’s Terms & Conditions.


Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Psychiatric Comorbidities Such as Depression, Bipolar Disorder, and Substance Abuse

Naomi M. Simon, MD, MSc

Published: April 15, 2009

Article Abstract
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has a high rate of comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders, including major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar disorder, other anxiety disorders, and substance use disorders. The similarities between GAD and MDD have led some to suggest that GAD should be reclassified as a mood disorder. The concurrence of GAD with another disorder heightens a patient’s risk for impairment, disability, and suicidality. Clinical trials for GAD and disorders that are most likely to occur with GAD have generally not taken comorbidity into account, and there is a paucity of data guiding how comorbidity should inform treatment selection. Research into the biology and psychopathology underlying the high rate of comorbidity of GAD and into efficacious interventions for GAD with comorbidity is needed.

Some JCP and PCC articles are available in PDF format only. Please click the PDF link at the top of this page to access the full text.

Volume: 11

Quick Links: Bipolar Disorder


Sign-up to stay
up-to-date today!


Already registered? Sign In

Case Report

Safety and Tolerability of Concomitant Intranasal Esketamine Treatment With Irreversible, Nonselective MAOIs: A Case Series

Three cases suggest that concomitant use of intranasal esketamine with an irreversible, nonselective MAOI is safe in...